NitroFlare Fluctuation Mechanisms in Superconductors

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    Fluctuation Mechanisms in Superconductors: Nanowire Single-Photon Counters, Enabled by Effective Top-Down Manufacturing
    Springer | Mathematical Physics | January 17, 2016 | ISBN-10: 3658122455 | 328 pages | pdf | 8.3 mb

    by Holger Bartolf (Author)
    Superconducting cryogenic single-photon detectors are explained including analytical models of the detection mechanism and the historical development of low-temperature superconductivity is debated by numerous (>600) references and vivid colorful pictures
    The mathematical formalism (>240 equations) to understand the superconducting BCS-condensate at the nanoscale is introduced including dissipative fluctuation mechanisms (BKT, LAMH, edge barrier for vortex entry as well as Cooper-pair fluctuations)
    A unique and novel approach on how to manufacture high-quality nanoscaled devices which measure only a few hundreds of atoms

    Holger Bartolf discusses state-of-the-art detection concepts based on superconducting nanotechnology as well as sophisticated analytical formulæ that model dissipative fluctuation-phenomena in superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors. Such knowledge is desirable for the development of advanced devices which are designed to possess an intrinsic robustness against vortex-fluctuations and it provides the perspective for honorable fundamental science in condensed matter physics. Especially the nanowire detector allows for ultra-low noise detection of signals with single-photon sensitivity and GHz repetition rates. Such devices have a huge potential for future technological impact and might enable unique applications (e.g. high rate interplanetary deep-space data links from Mars to Earth).

    Number of Illustrations and Tables
    78 illus., 1 in colour
    Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics

    More info and Hardcover at Springer

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