NitroFlare TTC Video - Origin of Civilization

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  1. kocogi

    kocogi Active Member

    May 29, 2012
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    Origin of Civilization
    48xDVDRip | AVI/XviD, ~742 kb/s | 640x480 | Duration: 24:00:04 | English: MP3, 128 kb/s (2 ch) | 9,14 GB
    Genre: History

    Every single day of your life is spent within a civilization an elaborate system composed of governing bodies, detailed laws, dense urban centers, elaborate trade networks, visual and written cultures, class structures, militaries, and more.

    And yet the experience of living inside a civilization has become so interwoven with our lives that it's easy to take for granted just how profound and recent the concept is. Consider that human beings have walked the earth for more than 150,000 years, but it was only 10,000 years ago that our distant ancestors began establishing and living within larger and more complex communities.

    Our world is forever indebted to a host of early states that paved the way for our current ways of life, including those of the Sumerians, the ancient Egyptians, the Chinese, and the Maya. Without the critical strides they made in areas of government, law, trade, social hierarchies, culture, and more, human civilization as we know it today would not even exist.

    How did these first states come into being?
    What defines a state? A civilization?
    How were the world's ancient states similar to each other? How did they differ?
    Answers to these and other dramatic questions form the core of The Origin of Civilization, a grand 48-lecture course that reveals the stories of how human beings around the world transitioned from small farming communities to the impressive cultural and political systems that would forever alter the course of history. Taking a gripping archaeological and historical approach to these formative states and civilizations, archaeologist and Professor Scott MacEachern of Bowdoin College completes your understanding of the history of human civilization-by exploring it at its earliest stages.

    Unlike traditional survey courses of ancient civilizations, which tend to focus only on the glorious achievements of these cultures, The Origin of Civilization brings you those first all-important steps that the world's first civilizations would take on the long and arduous road to glory. It's only by learning about the birth of these complex societies that you'll be able to better understand-and appreciate-the lasting contributions they made to the cultural record.

    A Comparative Point of View

    Contrary to popular belief, state formation didn't happen in one area and then spread outward. Instead, the emergence of states and regional civilizations occurred throughout the ancient world, from the fertile valleys of the Near East and the savannahs of Africa to the Pacific coast of South America and the plains of China.

    To tackle this diversity of early civilizations, Professor MacEachern's lectures incorporate perhaps the most important element of any archaeological study of diverse states and civilizations: a comparative outlook. This all-encompassing perspective-which explores ancient cultures side by side instead of in a vacuum-allows you to better grasp the different (and similar) trajectories through which the first states formed around the world.

    "We simply will not be able to assemble a complete and convincing account of ancient civilizations if we don't understand how they developed through time in different environments and circumstances," notes Professor MacEachern. "We must have that comparative point of view."

    What caused these new forms of cultural and political complexity to emerge in certain places and not others? How are the processes of state formation the same? How are they different? It is only with the comparative approach of The Origin of Civilization that you can truly begin to answer these and other profound questions about this transformative era in human history.

    Explore Fascinating Regions ...

    After a series of introductory lectures that draw you into the world of archaeologists and the issues and challenges of their field, you embark on a globe-trotting, time-traveling adventure in which you investigate the earliest examples of state formation. Here is where you plunge into the heart of this captivating new course.

    You approach the growth and development of civilization in each fascinating region from a multitude of political, social, cultural, and spiritual perspectives. Covering the most vital regions in the earliest development of human societies, The Origin of Civilization takes you to places such as

    Mesopotamia, where you explore the ways that agriculture laid the foundation for groundbreaking experiments in social and political development throughout the Near East in places like Uruk and Sumer;
    the eastern Mediterranean, where you discover how expanding maritime trade during the Bronze Age increasingly knit the different societies of these islands into an integrated web of political, ideological, and economic relationships;
    Asia, where you survey the evolution of China from early farming communities to literate states and dynasties and explore the ancient states of Southeast Asia, which developed distinct ideologies from competing Chinese and Indian influences;
    Sub-Saharan Africa, where you join Professor MacEachern on a journey through the early communities and states of the Inland Niger Delta, the Lake Chad Basin, and the Zimbabwe Plateau-areas essential to the story of human civilization; and
    Mesoamerica, where you comb through the indigenous states in and around what are now Mexico, Honduras, and Nicaragua, and witness the full flowering of Olmec and Maya civilization.

    In these and other cases, your explorations bring you up close and personal with a host of intriguing topics central to the study of the world's earliest states. These include issues of territoriality, cycles of rise and collapse, the development of writing systems, questions of archaeological interpretation, and much more.

    00. Professor Bio
    01. Ancient States and Civilizations
    02. The History of Archaeological Research
    03. Studying the Origins of States
    04. Archaeological Interpretation-Çatalhöyük
    05. Stepping Stones to Civilization
    06. Trajectories of Cultural Development
    07. When Is a State a State?
    08. A Complex Neolithic-Halafian and Samarran
    09. Hierarchy and Urbanism-'Ubaid Mesopotamia
    10. The Uruk World System
    11. Sumer and Afterward
    12. Civilization and Pastoralism in Mesopotamia
    13. The Development of Writing in Mesopotamia
    14. The Gift of the Nile
    15. The Egyptian Predynastic Period
    16. The Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt
    17. Divinity and Display in Dynastic Egypt
    18. Why So Different? Mesopotamia and the Nile
    19. Borders and Territories of Ancient States
    20. The Levantine Copper and Early Bronze Ages
    21. Hierarchy and Society in the Aegean
    22. Early Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations
    23. Palace and Countryside on Crete
    24. How Things Fall Apart-The Greek Dark Ages
    25. First Farmers in the Indus Valley
    26. Cities along the Indus
    27. Seeing What We Expect-Power and Display
    28. Sedentism and Agriculture in Early China
    29. State Formation in Ancient China
    30. Origins of the Chinese Writing System
    31. From Human Sacrifice to the Tao of Politics
    32. Spread of States in Mainland Southeast Asia
    33. Axumite Civilization in Ethiopia
    34. Inland Niger Delta-Hierarchy and Heterarchy
    35. Lake Chad Basin-Settlement and Complexity
    36. Great Zimbabwe and Its Successors
    37. Sedentism and Agriculture in Mesoamerica
    38. The Olmec of Lowland Mexico
    39. Teotihuacán-The First American City
    40. Beginnings of States in Lowland Mesoamerica
    41. The Great Maya City-States
    42. Epigraphy-Changing Views of the Maya
    43. Was There a Maya Collapse?
    44. Adaptations in Pacific South America
    45. Pyramids and Precocity in Coastal Peru
    46. Andean Civilization-Chavín to Chimú
    47. The Florescence of the Inka Empire
    48. Ancient States-Unity and Diversity?

    TTC Video - Origin of Civilization
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